Article: The First Christmas in Hawaii – Mele Kalikimaka

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This festival was introduced to Hawaii with the arrival of Protestant missionaries, and is believed to have started after 1820. Most of the traditions they currently celebrate come from the missionaries. Before the Hawaiians celebrated the Christmas people know today, they had a festival named Makahiki which lasted around four months and in which all wars were forbidden. The season still had the essence of “peace and goodwill to all men”, which is another thing people tend to associate with Christmas.

The first recorded Christmas in Hawaii was in 1786, when the captain of merchant ship the Queen Charlotte, George Dixon, was docked on the Hawaiian island of Kauai. Dixon and his crew celebrated a large Christmas dinner that included a whole roast pig.

King Kamehameha IV and Queen Emma of Hawaii officially celebrated Christmas in 1856 as a day of Thanksgiving. On Christmas Eve of 1858 Mary Dominis threw a party at Washington Place featuring the first instance of a Christmas tree and Santa Claus in Hawaii. King Kamehameha IV declared it an official holiday in 1862.

Celebrations Today

The annual Honolulu City Lights ceremony features a 50-foot Norfolk pine Christmas tree decorated with bright lights and elaborate decorations. There is also live entertainment

The traditions on Christmas day are similar to other places; a large meal is eaten and then, as the beach is often nearby in Hawaii, surfing or swimming often takes place in the waters, and musical groups with guitars and ukuleles and dancing hula entertain the crowds on the beach. Santa hats are worn and the traditional Santa’s sleigh and reindeer are replaced by an outrigger canoe pulled by dolphins. The different cultures and ethnic groups that have settled in the islands celebrate the Christmas traditions of Hawaii in their own unique ways, which may be religious or plainly secular. Even Santa Claus (Hawaiian: Kanakaloka) himself is not wearing his corporate red and white suit, but has swapped it for flowery Hawaiian clothes.

Christmas wreaths are made from the poinsettia plant.

Mele Kalikimaka

The phrase “Mele Kalikimaka” can be translated from Hawaiian to mean “Merry Christmas.” It is also a Hawaiian themed Christmas song composed by Robert Alex Anderson in 1949. The phrase is borrowed directly from English, but, since Hawaiian has a different phonological system (in particular, Hawaiian does not possess the /r/ or /s/ of English, nor does it have the phonotactic constraints to allow consonants at the end of a syllable), “Merry Christmas” becomes “Mele Kalikimaka.”

There is also a more modern take on this song, called “Melekalikimaka” by rock band The Beach Boys from the compilation album Ultimate Christmas.

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Makai Side: A History of Hawaiian Surfing Documentary

Screen Shot 2018-10-24 at 3.14.29 PMWith all new footage of Gerry Lopez and a bonus feature at the end, Makai Side: A History of Hawaiian Surfing Documentary is back! 5,000 views and going strong.

Mahalos for watching. Please share!

Note:

This video cannot be monetized as it does not have the required 1,000 subscribers.

Note about Copyrights:

Copyright Disclaimer Under Section 107 of the Copyright Act 1976, allowance is made for fair use for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, and research. Fair use is a use permitted by copyright statute that might otherwise be infringing. Non-profit, educational or personal use tips the balance in favor of fair use.

Reviews:

Pacific Longboarder:

“Talk about complete.”

The Inertia Magazine:

“This one takes a deep dive into surfing history.”

“Niiiiice Philip! Not what is usually churned out there for us all.”

– Kimi Kann

“This movie is the surf bible. This is original spirit. Great mahalo for sharing.”

– Yone Cauden-Vaiagina:

Now Live on Youtube, Makai Side: A History of Hawaiian Surfing

Hawaiian Surfing history from the beginning; covering depictions of 18th century surfers by British artists aboard trade ships through Duke Kahanamoku, highlights of the 20s and 30s, Makaha and Hawaiian Culture in the 40s, the accomplishments by the heavies in the 50s and 60s, the innovations of the 70s, and the power surfers of the eighties.

If You Love To Surf Then…

 makai side
You’re Going to love this…
Join The Facebook Event Page For Updates:  Makai Side: A History of Hawaiian Surfing
Hawaiian Surfing history from the beginning; Covering depictions of 18th century surfers by British artists aboard trade ships through Duke Kahanamoku, highlights of the 20s and 30s, Makaha and Hawaiian Culture in the 40s, the accomplishments by the heavies in the 50s and 60s, the innovations of the 70s, and the power surfers of the eighties.
Credits in no particular order:
Duke Kahanamoku
Ambassador of Aloha
The Father Modern Surfing
Matt Warshaw
The Encyclopedia of Surfing
The Associated Press
Rell Sunn
Heart of The Sea
Lisa Denker
Charlotte Lagarde
New Day Films
Eddie Aikau
Upon The Tides
ESPN
Christopher Hayzel
Commentary
Randy Rarick
Clyde Aikau
Filmmakers
Bruce Brown
Bud Browne
Larry Lindberg
Eric Blum
Greg MacGillivray
Jim Freeman
Greg Knoll
Greg Huglin
Gary Capo
Spider Wills
Alan Rich
Allen Maine
Hal Jepsen
Fred Hemmings
Don King
Photographers (Those that could be identified)
Leroy Grannis
Ron Stoner
Vintage Film Clips of  the Early 19th Century
Pyramid Films
Robert C. Bruce Novelties
Robert Ullman Jr.
Periscope Films
Writers
Jason Borte
Malcolm Gault Williams
Herman Melville
Makani
Video Editor
Philip Scott Waikoloa
Video Consultant 
Peggy Johnson
Research
Philip Scott Waikoloa
Production
Maui Salt and Sage Magazine
in cooperation with Ocean Dojo

Article: The Story of Hawaii is…

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The story of how Hawai’i found its place on the map in the mid-Pacific is a tale filled with discovery, adventure and conflict.

 When European explorers first entered the Pacific, they found that the great ocean had already been mastered by navigators whose nautical skills rivaled their own: the Polynesians. The presence of the Polynesians throughout the ocean’s isles was testimony to an extraordinary seafaring heritage.

 Starting from islands near Southeast Asia around 2500 BC the early peoples of the Pacific had island-hopped until they reached the Tonga and Samoa groups about a thousand years later.

 When driven from an island by overpopulation, famine or defeat in battle, Polynesians would set off to colonize new lands: sometimes sending exploring parties ahead, sometimes simply trusting fate and their own exceptional abilities to lead them to their destination. They were not always rewarded; many expeditions perished at sea. Such long voyages were planned months in advance.

 Even islanders forced into exile by conquering neighbors were given time to build massive double-hulled canoes that could carry scores of people on journeys of eight weeks or more.

 Building a voyaging canoe was a community project, supervised by a master craftsman of near-priestly status. Workers shaped large tree trunks into rough hulls and then, with primitive tools of stone, shell and bone, constructed a sturdy sailing vessel measuring 100ft and weighing 10 tons that could cover 150 miles in a day.

 The canoes were guided to their destinations by an elite fraternity of navigators, taught from childhood to read nautical information in a host of natural signs. They knew the year – round positions of more than 150 stars and had a vast knowledge of ocean currents, prevailing winds and the habits of migratory birds. When nearing islands beyond the horizon, they could actually smell land, feel echoes in the water from swells bouncing off atolls and see the greenish reflection of forests on the underside of clouds.

 Read more at: The Story of Hawaii Museum

If They Only Knew…

nakalele

If They Only Knew… That They’re Loving Maui To Death

By Philip Scott Waikoloa

 

“Call someplace paradise, then kiss it goodbye..”

– The Eagles, 1977

 

Traffic on Maui has reached its maximum. The roads to Lahaina in either direction are backed up and congested everyday.

The stretch of Hana Highway in Paia is regularly backed up at least a quarter to a half mile in either direction and oftentimes is such for as much as a mile.

Dairy Road in Kahului is an everyday nightmare.

Why?

Unchecked Tourism

With thousands of tourists (7,500 per day and 2.75 million per year, the equivalent of adding a second Pukalani or Makawao every day)arriving daily, both at the airport and both major harbors (with mega cruise ships that appear as city skyscrapers laid on one side), Maui is subjected to the seemingly endless hordes in an ebb and flow that rivals our “King Tides” and threaten to wash our beaches away and tear at our roadways that are overused and under cared for.

Local people are now forced to accept an additional 30-45 minute (sometimes an hour) drive times. This said, tourists themselves are beginning to voice their own concerns, sometimes calmly, but oftentimes relying on the belligerence of their car horns then finally angry expletives that scream “this is my goddamn vacation” and/or simple frustration mostly based on the amount of money they’ve spent to visit “paradise,” only to find themselves stuck in Los Angeles-style traffic. I’ve often barely escaped injury when walking in a crosswalk. The car at fault is most often a rented Ford Mustang, a rented Jeep, or a rented Chevy Suburban.

After being voted “Best Island To Visit” by Conde Nast magazine, Maui has found itself a helpless victim, overrun, both environmentally and spiritually. Maui is far beyond handling the number of people it’s been subjected to. While I personally love Maui, I’m not sure why it would be considered as such by any magazine. This once peaceful, laid-back Outer Island is becoming little more than a stressed suburb of Los Angeles.

Honolulu itself is literally the LA of the Pacific. And not in any good way. The Spirit of Aloha there and all over The Islands has been tragically eroded to the point that its essence is mostly gone, rendering the spirit of The Islands to be not much different than the spirit of any mediocre town in the US.

When I first came to Maui in 1986 a dog could fall asleep on Baldwin Avenue in Paia. Paia was a sleepy little town, made up of local people who worked the sugar fields and mills, small business owners that catered to the local population, or “living on a shoestring” surfers and windsurfers who contributed heartily to the Aloha Spirit, born of their love of the ocean and the beauty of Hawaiian Culture. For the cynics who would like to dispose of me as a “newbie,” my time here has always been focused on contributing to, preserving, and most importantly, having respect for the host culture.

Rent was still reasonable in the 80s, the level of tourism was manageable, and they, the locals, existed, for the most part, side-by-side, with some semblance of harmony. There was only one shop in Paia focused that focused on tourism and “Picnics,” as it was known, did little more than supply travelers with a boxed lunch for their trip to Hana. Lahaina, similar to Paia has lost much of its historical quaintness becoming a row of shops, mostly driven by a desire to extract as many tourist dollars as is possible.

The Facts

To those who believe tourism has been good to the Hawaiians, the state Department of Business, Economic Development recently released a report which states: “Of the five largest racial groups in Hawaii… Native Hawaiians have the highest poverty rates for individuals and families, with 6,610 families (12.6% of families) and 45,420 individuals (15.5% of the population) living below the poverty level.” Further it says, “Let me reiterate: Native Hawaiians, the first people to live in Hawaii, currently “have the highest poverty rates for individuals and families” in Hawaii. This is a tragedy and a travesty that those of us in Hawaii who aren’t Native Hawaiian ignore at our peril.”

All of this said, BIG changes need to be made to salvage and perhaps restore Maui to its former glory.

(Firstly, it’s not more and wider roads).

1. Tourism quotas (Other island destinations such as Tavarua in Fiji have managed this successfully. One good step was when the number of downhill bike companies were limited on Haleakala

2. Much greater protections for the ocean and the ‘aina

3. Strong efforts to improve the quality of life for local people (many of whom have lived here for generations), who are slowly being priced out of the housing market

4. Illegal vacation rentals need to be rooted out and shutdown. Their numbers should also be held to a quota so as to stop artificially inflating the median rent. The latest study says one in seven houses on Maui are vacation rentals.

5. The return of ancestral lands to Native Hawaiians. My own friend holds title to all of the land from Kaanapali north to Honokahau with no real ability to exercise her ownership rights in any substantial way

The misconception that the Lahaina Bypass will any way alleviate one or two of these problems is just that, a misguided misconception. With the current rate of construction in and around Lahaina, the bypass will serve to do no more than relocate the major choke point from one stretch of the road to another.

 

Our new website: www.mauisaltandsage.com

If They Only Knew…

nakaleleIf They Only Knew… That They’re Loving Maui To Death

By Philip Scott Waikoloa

“Call someplace paradise, then kiss it goodbye..”

– The Eagles, 1977

Traffic on Maui has reached its maximum. The roads to Lahaina in either direction are backed up and congested everyday.

The stretch of Hana Highway in Paia is regularly backed up at least a quarter to a half mile in either direction and oftentimes is such for as much as a mile.

Dairy Road in Kahului is an everyday nightmare.

Why?

Unchecked Tourism

 

With thousands of tourists (7,500 per day and 2.75 million per year, the equivalent of adding a second Pukalani or Makawao every day) arriving daily, both at the airport and both major harbors (with mega cruise ships that appear as city skyscrapers laid on one side), Maui is subjected to the seemingly endless hordes in an ebb and flow that rivals our “King Tides” and threaten to wash our beaches away and tear at our roadways that are overused and under cared for.

Local people are now forced to accept an additional 30-45 minute (sometimes an hour) drive times. This said, tourists themselves are beginning to voice their own concerns, sometimes calmly, but oftentimes relying on the belligerence of their car horns then finally angry expletives that scream “this is my goddamn vacation” and/or simple frustration mostly based on the amount of money they’ve spent to visit “paradise,” only to find themselves stuck in Los Angeles-style traffic. I’ve often barely escaped injury when walking in a crosswalk. The car at fault is most often a rented Ford Mustang, a rented Jeep, or a rented Chevy Suburban.

After being voted “Best Island To Visit” by Conde Nast magazine, Maui has found itself a helpless victim, overrun, both environmentally and spiritually. Maui is far beyond handling the number of people it’s been subjected to. While I personally love Maui, I’m not sure why it would be considered as such by any magazine. This once peaceful, laid-back Outer Island is becoming little more than a stressed suburb of Los Angeles.

Honolulu itself is literally the LA of the Pacific. And not in any good way. The Spirit of Aloha there and all over The Islands has been tragically eroded to the point that its essence is mostly gone, rendering the spirit of The Islands to be not much different than the spirit of any mediocre town in the US.

When I first came to Maui in 1986 a dog could fall asleep on Baldwin Avenue in Paia. Paia was a sleepy little town, made up of local people who worked the sugar fields and mills, small business owners that catered to the local population, or “living on a shoestring” surfers and windsurfers who contributed heartily to the Aloha Spirit, born of their love of the ocean and the beauty of Hawaiian Culture. For the cynics who would like to dispose of me as a “newbie,” my time here has always been focused on contributing to, preserving, and most importantly, having respect for the host culture.

Rent was still reasonable in the 80s, the level of tourism was manageable, and they, the locals, existed, for the most part, side-by-side, with some semblance of harmony. There was only one shop in Paia focused that focused on tourism and “Picnics,” as it was known, did little more than supply travelers with a boxed lunch for their trip to Hana. Lahaina, similar to Paia has lost much of its historical quaintness becoming a row of shops, mostly driven by a desire to extract as many tourist dollars as is possible.

The Facts

To those who believe tourism has been good to the Hawaiians, the state Department of Business, Economic Development recently released a report which states: “Of the five largest racial groups in Hawaii… Native Hawaiians have the highest poverty rates for individuals and families, with 6,610 families (12.6% of families) and 45,420 individuals (15.5% of the population) living below the poverty level.” Further it says, “Let me reiterate: Native Hawaiians, the first people to live in Hawaii, currently “have the highest poverty rates for individuals and families” in Hawaii. This is a tragedy and a travesty that those of us in Hawaii who aren’t Native Hawaiian ignore at our peril.”

All of this said, BIG changes need to be made to salvage and perhaps restore Maui to its former glory.

(Firstly, it’s not more and wider roads).

1. Tourism quotas (Other island destinations such as Tavarua in Fiji have managed this successfully. One good step was when the number of downhill bike companies were limited on Haleakala

2. Much greater protections for the ocean and the ‘aina

3. Strong efforts to improve the quality of life for local people (many of whom have lived here for generations), who are slowly being priced out of the housing market

4. Illegal vacation rentals need to be rooted out and shutdown. Their numbers should also be held to a quota so as to stop artificially inflating the median rent. The latest study says one in seven houses on Maui are vacation rentals.

5. The return of ancestral lands to Native Hawaiians. My own friend holds title to all of the land from Kaanapali north to Honokahau with no real ability to exercise her ownership rights in any substantial way

The misconception that the Lahaina Bypass will any way alleviate one or two of these problems is just that, a misguided misconception. With the current rate of construction in and around Lahaina, the bypass will serve to do no more than relocate the major choke point from one stretch of the road to another.

Online Video (Free) Happy Hawaiian Earth Day!

Aloha! Join us and a host of talented artists as we celebrate this big blue place we call honua (earth). Please click on the below image!

Artists Include:
Mailani Makainai – A lot like Love
Buckman Coe – Malama Ka ‘aina
The Human Revolution – Clean Food
Baba B – Another Rainbow
Aidan James – Live at The MACC
Soul Redemption – Hawaii 1978
Empty Hands – To My People
The Julian Day – Turkish Morning Club
Ka’au Crater Boys – Surf

Other Features Include:
The Dalai Lama – Addressing The Environment
Francis Sinenci – Building Traditional Hawaii Hales
Ocean Defender Hawaii – Protecting Our Reefs
The Maui Cooperative – Sustainable Farming
Vintage Footage of Maui in the 1940s

Maui leads in Shark Attacks: Scientists know why

Screen Shot 2018-04-08 at 2.24.34 PM.pngThere’s a reason Maui sees more shark attacks than any other Hawaiian island, according to the results of a new study: It’s the large and protected shallow ocean shelf that acts as a magnet for tiger sharks near and far.

In addition, the most visited waters by tiger sharks around Maui include some of the most popular beaches and ocean recreation sites, the study said.

It’s that combination of factors that point to why Maui has more shark bites, according to the study, although researchers cannot entirely rule out a higher number of ocean recreation activities on Maui as the primary cause of the recent bump in the number of shark attacks.

 

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MAUI’S THE PLACE TO BE

More tiger sharks visit Maui because of its large protected ocean shelf,

which harbors a wide variety of tiger shark prey and serves as an ideal

habitat for mating and pupping. Many more sharks were detected

around Maui than Oahu by acoustic monitoring.

 

“Over the past 20 years, Maui has had almost double the number of shark bites of any other island, even though all of the larger islands have thousands of people going into the ocean every day,” University of Hawaii researcher Carl Meyer said at a news conference Thursday.

Meyer’s UH Institute of Marine Biology research team used a combination of satellite and acoustic tracking to monitor the movement of 41 tiger sharks around Maui and Oahu for up to two years.

The $186,000 study was commissioned by the state Department of Land and Natural Resources following a spike in shark bites off Maui in 2012 and 2013.

Meyer, principal investigator of the study, said the ocean around Maui, Molokai, Lanai and Kahoolawe has more preferred tiger shark habitat than all the other main Hawaiian Islands combined.

The vast shelf area of reef habitat around Maui extends offshore to depths of 600 feet and is home to a wide variety of tiger shark prey, he said. The shelf area is also ideal for tiger shark mating and pupping.

The study’s tracking data indicate that individual sharks visit Maui more often than they visit the other islands — about 2.5 times per month compared with 1.5 times a month for Oahu and about once every two months for Kauai and Hawaii island.

What’s more, many more sharks were detected per day in Maui waters than in Oahu waters, according to the study’s acoustic tracking. Off southwestern Maui, tiger sharks were present more than 80 percent of the time.

“That equates to a near daily presence of these large tiger sharks at ocean recreation sites,” Meyer said. “But it’s important to remember that even though there is nearly a daily presence of these animals, there are thousands of people going into the water around Maui, yet shark bites remain rare events.”

The data suggest that tiger sharks generally avoid interactions with people, he said.

The study also found that tiger sharks visit near-shore waters at all times of the day and night, which would suggest there’s no greater chance of getting attacked at sunset or during the night.

The pattern of shark bites, Meyer said, matches human behavior, with 70 percent of the bites occurring between 9 a.m. and 4 p.m.

Maui-tagged sharks did not visit Oahu, Meyer said, but Oahu-tagged sharks visited Maui waters in greater numbers during the core winter months, which is the peak mating season. Previous studies indicated that tiger sharks from even the farthest regions of the island chain also gravitate to Maui for reproductive reasons.

Meyer rejected measures such as shark culling, shark nets and real-time monitoring warning systems as useless and unnecessary. Previous shark hunts in Hawaii didn’t reduce shark attacks, he said, and only resulted in new sharks filling the void.

Bruce Anderson, administrator of DLNR’s Division of Aquatic Resources, said the department commissioned the study out of concern for public safety during a time when little information was known about why the sharks were behaving the way they were.

“The results reinforce the direction we’ve been taking for quite a while,” Anderson said. We’ve been recommending preventive measures rather than culling sharks.”

Preventive measures, he said, include staying out of the water if it’s murky, swimming with others and staying close to shore.

Anderson said changing ocean behaviors have contributed to the increase in shark bites over the last 20 years. More people are kayaking, blue-water spearfishing, stand-up paddling and swimming offshore, he said.

“Swimming in the ocean is what amounts to swimming in a wilderness-type environment,” Anderson said. “Sharks are part of this environment. We have to accept that they are there and take precautions to avoid encounters that are going to occur from time to time.”

Meyer said the reasons for the 2012-14 spike in shark attacks around Maui remain unclear. There was only one unprovoked shark attack off Maui in 2015, he said, yet there was no change in shark behavior and no shift in human behavior.

These spikes occur all over the world and are most likely due to chance, he said.

Historically, Hawaii averaged between two and three shark attacks a year going back to the 1980s. During the past two decades, the annual average edged up to between three and four shark attacks.

The Pacific Islands Ocean Observing System hosts a website, pacioos.org/projects/sharks, that shows the study’s tiger shark movements online.